Webpack 2 loaders declared in reverse - Stack Overflow

  • Structure and Mechanism of the DNA Polymerase …

    sliding clamp become assembled onto DNA, which is a long polymer. Organisms have solved this problem by using a clamp loader machine that physically opens the ring and loads it onto DNA. We have determined the structure of an intact and functional clamp loader machine. This structure, along with a second structure

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  • How a DNA polymerase clamp loader opens a sliding …

    Processive chromosomal replication relies on sliding DNA clamps, which are loaded onto DNA by pentameric clamp loader complexes belonging to the AAA+ family of ATPases. We present structures for the ATP-bound state of the clamp loader complex from bacteriophage

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  • DNA Polymerase Clamp Loaders - UMass Med

    DNA Polymerase Clamp Loaders. Chromosomal DNA replication requires that DNA polymerases be tethered to ring-shaped sliding clamps that encircle the DNA and allow for high-speed, processive replication. Sliding clamps are loaded onto DNA by the clamp loader complex, a pentameric assembly of proteins of the AAA+ family of ATPases.

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  • Replisome dynamics and use of DNA trombone loops to bypass

    Clamp loaders are pentameric spirals that bind DNA in a structure specific fashion and thread it through the ring shaped clamp. The recent structure of the E. coli beta clamp in complex with primed DNA has implications for how multiple polymerases function on sliding clamps and how the primed DNA template is exchanged between them.

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  • Interplay of Clamp Loader Subunits in Opening the β

    The Escherichia coli β dimer is a ring-shaped protein that encircles DNA and acts as a sliding clamp to tether the replicase, DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, to DNA. The γ complex (γδδ′χψ) clamp loader couples ATP to the opening and closing of β in assembly of the ring onto DNA. These proteins are functionally and structurally conserved in all cells.

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  • RCSB PDB - 3U60: Structure of T4 Bacteriophage Clamp

    Oct 11, 2011 · Processive chromosomal replication relies on sliding DNA clamps, which are loaded onto DNA by pentameric clamp loader complexes belonging to the AAA+ family of adenosine triphosphatases (ATPases). We present structures for the ATP-bound state of the clamp loader complex from bacteriophage T4, bound to an open clamp and primer-template DNA.

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  • Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders

    Download as PowerPoint Slide. Figure 4. The clamp-loading mechanism. The catalytic reaction cycle for the loading of sliding clamps onto DNA by clamp loaders is shown as a schematic diagram. ( A) Opening of the sliding clamp ring. In the absence of ATP, clamp loaders bind their respective clamps very weakly.

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  • DNA clamp - Wikipedia

    DNA Polymerase Clamp Loaders. Chromosomal DNA replication requires that DNA polymerases be tethered to ring-shaped sliding clamps that encircle the DNA and allow for high-speed, processive replication. Sliding clamps are loaded onto DNA by the clamp loader complex, a pentameric assembly of proteins of the AAA+ family of ATPases.

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  • How a DNA Polymerase Clamp Loader Opens a Sliding Clamp

    The T4 DNA polymerase holoenzyme --composed of the DNA polymerase (gp43) plus polymerase accessory proteins (the gp45 sliding clamp and the gp44/gp62 clamp loader; Kelch et …

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  • Clamp loaders and sliding clamps - ScienceDirect

    Apr 01, 2002 · Abstract. A coherent view of the structure and function of DNA polymerase processivity factors (sliding clamps and clamp loaders) is emerging from recent structural studies. Crystal structures of sliding clamps from the T4 and RB69 bacteriophages, and from an archaebacterium expand the gallery of ring-shaped processivity factors and clarify how

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  • DNA polymerase by throwing in dideoxy ATP in tube A

    o Main part of the polymerase that is active is the core, sliding clamp makes sure we stay at the active site of the 3' end we are elongating, because okazaki fragments and we keep making a new primer we use the sliding clamp loader which uses ATP to open the beta subunit Bringing lagging strand to the core of the polymerase Another view of

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  • The loader of the rings | Nature

    Jun 17, 2004 · This is the job of a complex molecular engine termed the clamp loader, which must somehow open the sliding clamp, pass DNA into the ring and then reseal it. These requirements are a common theme

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  • How a DNA Polymerase Clamp Loader Opens a …

    DNA Replication: How Does a Sliding Clamp Slide

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  • DNA polymerase by throwing in dideoxy ATP in tube A

    o Main part of the polymerase that is active is the core, sliding clamp makes sure we stay at the active site of the 3' end we are elongating, because okazaki fragments and we keep making a new primer we use the sliding clamp loader which uses ATP to open the beta subunit Bringing lagging strand to the core of the polymerase Another view of

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  • Structural analysis of a eukaryotic sliding DNA clamp

    Jun 17, 2004 · Jeruzalmi, D. et al. Mechanism of processivity clamp opening by the δ subunit wrench of the clamp loader complex of E. coli DNA polymerase III. Cell 106, …

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  • Replisome dynamics and use of DNA trombone loops to bypass

    Clamp loaders are pentameric spirals that bind DNA in a structure specific fashion and thread it through the ring shaped clamp. The recent structure of the E. coli beta clamp in complex with primed DNA has implications for how multiple polymerases function on sliding clamps and how the primed DNA template is exchanged between them.

    Learn More
  • Dynamics of Open DNA Sliding Clamps

    May 05, 2016 · Kelch BA, Makino DL, O'Donnell M, Kuriyan J. How a DNA polymerase clamp loader opens a sliding clamp. Science. 2011;334(6063):1675–80. Epub 2011/12/24. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3281585. pmid:22194570 . View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 21. Fang J, …

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  • DNA Replication: How Does a Sliding Clamp Slide

    Mar 06, 2017 · The other core component is the clamp loader, a pentameric complex that uses ATP to open and close the clamp around DNA, and is ubiquitous in all cells 3, 6. Sliding clamps are now known to be used in many processes beyond replication, including repair, cell cycle control, and nucleosome assembly . Because of the unusual nature of the clamp

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  • How a DNA polymerase clamp loader opens a sliding clamp

    How a DNA Polymerase Clamp Loader Opens a Sliding Clamp

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  • DNA Polymerase Clamp Loaders - UMass Med

    Dec 23, 2011 · Biochemical data demonstrate that ATP binding also enables the clamp loader to bind to and open the sliding clamp and that the binding of DNA …

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